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Phnom Penh is the capital and largest city of Cambodia, located at the confluence of the Mekong and the Tonle
Phnom Penh, Cambodia’s busy capital, sits
at the junction of the Mekong and Tonlé Sap rivers. It was a hub for both the
Khmer Empire and French colonialists. On its walkable riverfront, lined with
parks, restaurants and bars, are the ornate Royal Palace, Silver Pagoda and the
National Museum, displaying artifacts from around the country. At the city’s
heart is the massive, art deco Central Market.
Here in the capital,
are many interesting touristy sites. Beside the Royal Palace, the Silver
Pagoda, the National Museum, the Toul Sleng Genocide Museum, the Choeng Ek
Killing Fields and Wat Phnom, there are several market places selling carvings,
paintings, silk, silver, gems and even antiques. Indeed, an ideal destination
for a leisurely day tour. The whole area including the outskirts of Phnom Penh
is about 376 square kilometres big. There are currently 2,009,264 people living
in Phnom Penh.
The country has a
tropical climate - warm and humid. In the monsoon season, abundant rain allows
for the cultivation of a wide variety of crops. This year-round tropical
climate makes Cambodia ideal for developing tourism. Travellers need not to
fear natural disasters such as erupting volcanoes or earthquakes, and the
country is not directly affected by tropical storms.
can be visited throughout the year. However, those plans to travel extensively by
road should be avoided the last two months of the rainy season when some
countryside roads may be impassable. The average temperature is about 27
degrees Celsius; the minimum temperature is about 16 degrees. December and
January are the coolest months, whereas the hottest is April.
General information about the provincial climate
- Cool season:
November- March (22-28c)
- Hot season: March- May (28c -38c)
- Rainy season: May - October (24-32c, with humidity up to 90%.)
temperatures range from 15 to 38 C and experiences tropical monsoons. Monsoons
blow from the Southwest inland, bringing moisture-laden winds from the Gulf of
Thailand and Indian Ocean from May to October. The northeast monsoon ushers in
the dry season, which lasts from November to March. The city experiences the
heaviest precipitation from September to October with the driest period
occurring from January to February.
What are the best things
to do in Phnom Penh?
The Royal Palace and Silver Pagoda
The Royal Palace and Silver Pagoda are set adjacent to each other,
spanning 174,870 square metres of breathtaking Khmer architecture and lush
greenery. Although the king of Cambodia still occasionally resides in The Royal
Palace (if the blue royal flag is flying, the king is in residence), visitors
can explore several buildings within the palace grounds from US$6.50 and guided
tours are available from around US$10.
Located in Sisowath
Quay, highlights at the Royal Palace include the Throne Hall and Moonlight
Pavilion. Meanwhile, entrance to the Silver Pagoda is free of charge, where you
can visit the Emerald Buddha, which dates back to the 17th century and is
adorned with Baccarat crystals.
Location: Samdech Sothearos Boulevard (between 184th
Street and 240th Street), Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Open: Monday–Thursday and Saturday from 8am to 5pm,
Fridays from 8am to 6pm, Sundays from 8am to 5.30pm
National museum of cambodia
The National Museum of Cambodia is where you can find the cultural side
of Cambodian history that dates back to the 4th century. The museum is housed
within an impressive red sandstone structure and inaugurated in 1920 as the
Musée Albert Sarraut during the French colonial period. It stands out as a fine
illustration of traditional Khmer architecture.
There are over
14,000 interesting exhibits, arranged according to prehistoric, pre-Angkor,
Angkor, and post-Angkor eras, each of which comprises bronze and wooden
sculptures, ceramic items, ethnographic items and stone articles. Check out
spectacular exhibits such as the 6th-century, 8-armed statue of Lord Vishnu
Location: Preah Ang Eng Street 13, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Open: Daily from 8am to 5pm
Independence Monument is an iconic landmark that’s set in
the heart Phnom Penh City Centre. Locally known as Vimean Ekareach, it
signifies Cambodia’s liberation from the French who have colonised the nation
between 1863 and 1953.
As a result, vibrant celebrations of national festivities
such as Independence Day (November 9th) and Constitution Day (September 24th)
are held here. On most days, the best time to visit is at night as that’s when
Independence Monument and its surroundings are illuminated by blue, red and